Menahem the Essene
- (fl. 1st cent BCE)Israelite seer. He prophesied that Herod would become king but that he would act unjustly and be punished. Later Herod questioned Menahem about how long he would reign.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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MENAHEM THE ESSENE — (first century B.C.E.), a contemporary of herod , to whom prophetic powers were attributed. Josephus relates how Menahem had once observed Herod, then still a boy, going to his teacher, and greeted him as king of the Jews. The pious Essene added … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Menahem the Essene — For the Israelite King, see Menahem (Ben Gadi). For the Khazar ruler of the same name, see Menahem (Khazar). For the medieval poet and philologist, see Menahem ben Saruq. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim… … Wikipedia
Menahem ben Judah — was one of several Jewish Messiah claimants around the time of the Jewish War and is mentioned by Josephus. Some identify him with Menahem the Essene including Israel Knohl (English edition, 2001) who makes this identification from two… … Wikipedia
Menahem (Zougot) — Menahem était un Tanna de la dernière époque des Zougot. Il formait lui même un zoug avec Hillel l Ancien, et officiait comme av beit din. Selon la Mishna, « Menahem sortit, Shammaï entra, » ce qui signifie qu il fut remplacé par… … Wikipédia en Français
Shammai — (50 BCE ndash;30 CE, Hebrew: שמאי) was a Jewish scholar of the 1st century, and an important figure in Judaism s core work of rabbinic literature, the Mishnah.Shammai was the most eminent contemporary and the halakhic opponent of Hillel, and is… … Wikipedia
SHAMMAI — (Ha Zaken, i.e., The Elder; c. 50 B.C.E.–c. 30 C.E.), one of the zugot , the leaders of the Sanhedrin. Hillel s first colleague was menahem the Essene and Shammai was appointed to succeed him as av bet din when he retired. Nothing is known of the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JERUSALEM — The entry is arranged according to the following outline: history name protohistory the bronze age david and first temple period second temple period the roman period byzantine jerusalem arab period crusader period mamluk period … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ESSENES — ESSENES, a religious communalistic Jewish sect or association in the latter half of the Second Temple period, from the second century B.C.E. to the end of the first century C.E. Contemporary or near contemporary descriptions are found in philo… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SECTS, MINOR — In addition to the main sects which existed during the period of the Second Temple and after, such as the pharisees , the sadducees , the essenes , the therapeutae and the dead sea sects , the sources mention a number of others. As will be noted … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TEACHER OF RIGHTEOUSNESS — (Heb. מוֹרֶה צֶדֶק moreh ẓedek), the organizer of the qumran community or Yaḥad . His designation may have been derived from such biblical passages as Hosea 10:12, it is time to seek the Lord, till He come and cause righteousness to rain (yoreh… … Encyclopedia of Judaism